The Heroic Age

A Journal of Early Medieval Northwestern Europe

Founded 1998   |   ISSN 1526-1867

Submission Instructions for Authors


The following word counts are guidelines. The editors will occasionally consider longer works at their discretion.


To assist authors of articles and reviews, we have provided the following templates in RTF format. These can be saved and used in any standard Word Processing program.

Style Guide

As of Issue 16, our style guide is the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (also available at Use the Author - Date Citation and Reference List style, described in Chapter 15 of the 16th edition.

Citation Examples
Primary Sources

Please note that primary sources from the ancient and medieval period should not be cited in the Author - Date format. Instead, citations should use the original author (if known), title or an abbreviation as appropriate. Specific references to the text should use the original author's divisions (ie book, chapter, verse, etc), rather than page numbers of modern editions (see Chicago Manual of Style 14.256–14.266, especially 14.257).

Correct: (Bede HE 4.26.) —or— (Bede Ecclesiastical History 4.26.)

Correct: (LHF 40.) —or— (Liber Historiae Francorum 40.)

By using the author's original divisions, the reader can refer to any edition of Bede's Ecclesiastical History, Book 4, Chapter 26.

Incorrect: (Mynors and Colgrave 1969, 426–431.)

The reference list should follow the format for Author-Date Reference Lists as described in CMS 16.90. Primary sources should be listed by original author:

Correct: Bede. 1969. Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Ed. and trans. Bertram Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

When the original author is not known, the Reference List entry places the modern editor in place of the original author.

Correct: Bachrach, Bernard, ed. and trans. 1973. Liber Historiae Francorum. Lawrence, Kansas: Coronado Press.

Secondary Sources

In-text citation should include a parenthetical note to the Author, the date of publication, and page numbers if relevant.

Correct: (Story 2003, 127)

The reference list includes Author's full name, Date, Title (in italics), Place of Publication, Publisher.

Correct: Story, Joanna. 2003. Carolingian Connections: Anglo-Saxon England and Carolingian Francia, c. 750–870. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Correct: Brennan, Brian. 1985. "Senators and Social Mobility in Sixth-Century Gaul." Journal of Medieval History 11:145–161.

Correct: Muhlberger, Steven. 1998. "War, Warlords, and Christian Historians." In After Rome's Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History: Essays Presented to Walter Goffart, edited by A. C. Murray. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Electronic Sources

Citations of websites should only be used if the author is citing information unique to the site. Derivative sites that have collected "common knowledge" for informational purposes need not be cited. In-text citations follow the standards for secondary sources listed above.

For specific standards for electronic sources, please refer to Chicago Manual of Style 14.4–14.13.

In the case of print journals that also are archived online, complete reference to the print journal article should accompany the citation, even if the article was accessed exclusively online—not all scholars have access to Online Journal Article Databases such as JSTOR.

Abstracts, Keywords, and Short Titles

Each article or essay should be accompanied by an abstract. The abstract should be clearly marked at the beginning of the file. Authors should also include a series of keywords, up to a maximum of ten. Keywords should be chosen with care, as they will be included with the published file to help search engines index articles. The short title should be a compressed title of the paper, used for the Issue Navigation column. Short titles should not exceed fifty characters, including spaces and punctuations.


All manuscripts should be completely proofread before submission. Proofreading includes spell checking, grammar checking, and providing complete and accurate references.

Author information

Authors should include their e-mail address with all submissions to facilitate feedback from our readers. Authors are also encouraged to include their current academic affiliation. Additional biographical information, such as geographic area, highest degree, and current academic post or situation, is optional.


All entries must be submitted to the Heroic Age Sandbox. Any difficulties with the Heroic Age Sandbox should be communicated to Deanna Forsman.Mailto: Icon Within one week, all authors will receive an e-mail message confirming receipt and readability of the submission. Please review all submission requirements listed on this page before submitting.

Editing procedure

All submissions will be sent to two blind reviewers. Authors will receive feedback from the reviewers through the Editor-in-Chief and/or issue editor within three-to-six months. Editing of materials accepted for publication will be the responsibility of the issue editor, who will supervise all changes necessary for publication. All acceptances are conditional upon completion of all changes deemed necessary by the editor. All decisions by the reviewers are final. Conflicts between reviewers, author, and/or issue editor will be resolved by the Editor-in-Chief.

Copyright & Permissions

Each issue of The Heroic Age is copyrighted as a periodical. Individual authors retain the rights to their own works, however, they must grant permissions to The Heroic Age to include said works as part of the contracted issue of the journal, and as part of a permanently archived electronic database. All authors of accepted publications will be asked to sign a release form, granting these rights to The Heroic Age, and the signed release form must be returned to the address provided on the form prior to publication.

Although each issue is copyrighted, a copyright for a periodical does not protect the rights of the individual author. Authors are strongly urged to register their own copyright with the Library of Congress. Copyright forms are available at, and the current cost of copyright protection is $20.

Anyone who wishes to utilize material contained within The Heroic Age elsewhere (including, but not limited to, posting articles on homepages) must obtain permission from the authors and notify The Heroic Age. Material reprinted from The Heroic Age must carry a notice giving the publication details for the work's appearance in this journal.

If you wish to link to anything in The Heroic Age, please inform the Editor-in-Chief.Mailto: Icon

Revised 13-June-2017.