The Heroic Age

Issue 5

Summer/Autumn 2001


An Education in the Mead-Hall

Notes and Bibliography


1. The nominative from geoguð, as listed in J.R. Clark Hall's A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, will be used throughout this essay.

2. My translations are based upon the text of Fr. Klaeber, ed. Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburg, 3rd edition (1950)Lexington: D.C. Heath and Company. Line numbers will be noted in the text.


Brunner, Karl (1954) "Why Was Beowulf Preserved?" Études Anglaises 7: 1-5.

Clemoes, Peter. (1995)Interactions of Thought and Language in Old English Poetry. Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 12. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Daunt, Marjorie (1959) "Minor Realism and Contrast in Beowulf." Pp. 87-94 in Mélanges de Linguistique et de Philologie: Fernand Mossé in Memoriam. Paris: Didier.

Earl, James W. (1994) Thinking About Beowulf. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Foley, John Miles (1977) "Beowulf and the Psychohistory of Anglo-Saxon Culture." American Imago 34 (2): 133-153.

Garmonsway, G. N. (1965) "Anglo-Saxon Heroic Attitudes." Pp. 139-146 in Franciplegius: Medieval and Linguistic Studies in Honor of Francis Peabody Magoun, Jr Jess B. Bessinger, Jr., and Robert P. Creed, Editors. New York: New York University Press.

Hall, J. R. Clark. (1960) A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. 4th ed. Toronto: The University of Toronto Press.

Klaeber, Fr., Editor.(1950) Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburg 3rd edition Lexington: D.C. Heath and Company.

Mitchell, Bruce (1963) "'Until the Dragon Comes . . .': Some Thoughts on Beowulf." Neophilologus 47: 126-138.

Rogers, H. L. (1963) "Beowulf's Three Great Fights." Pp. 233-256 in An Anthology of "Beowulf" Criticism Lewis E. Nicholson, Editor. Notre Dame: The University of Notre Dame Press.

Schücking, Levin L. (1963) "The Ideal of Kingship in Beowulf." Pp. 35-49 in An Anthology of "Beowulf" Criticism Lewis E. Nicholson, Editor. Notre Dame: The University of Notre Dame Press.

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1936; 1987) "Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics." Proceedings of the British Academy 22. Rpt. pp. 5-31 in Modern Critical Interpretations: "Beowulf" Harold Bloom, Editor. New York: Chelsea House Publishers.

Whitelock, Dorothy (1951) The Audience of "Beowulf." Oxford: The Clarendon Press.



 Return to Table of Contents


  Return to homepage
Copyright © Alexander Bruce, 2001-2. All rights reserved.

This edition copyright © The Heroic Age, 2001-2. All rights reserved.