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Issue 2
Autumn/Winter 1999
ISSN 1526-1867
Issue Editor: Michelle Ziegler

A Letter from the Editor


  • Forty Years of Fear: Facts, Fiction, and the Dates for Vortigern in Chapter 66 of the Historia Brittonum

    by Robert Vermaat, Houten, The Netherlands

    Abstract: The accuracy of the three dates relating to the reign of Vortigern in Chapter 66 of the Historia Brittonum has been questioned or refuted. Attempts to establish conclusively that "Nennius" deliberately fabricated these dates remain unconvincing. The possibility that they are accurate must, therefore, remain.

  • The Politics of Exile in Early Northumbria

    by Michelle Ziegler, Belleville, Illinois

    Abstract: The politics of exile in early Bernicia and Deira between c. 592 and 635 can tell us a great deal about the political environment and orientation of their kingdoms in the early seventh century.

  • Lucius Artorius Castus, Part 2: The Battles in Britain

    by Linda A. Malcor, Aliso Viejo, California

    Abstract: Even though Lucius Artorius Castus lived in the second century, his biography provides a number of parallels with King Arthur. In this part of the series, I present the parallels between Castus and Arthur's traditional battle list.

The Forum

History by Biography

  • Rhydderch Hael

    by Tim Clarkson, University of Manchester

    Abstract: Rhydderch Hael appears in various texts relating to events in Northern Britain around the turn of the seventh century, in which he is commonly depicted as a king of Strathclyde. His historicity and identity are here examined, in the light of current scholarly views on the reliability of the sources that mention him.

Electronic Medievalia: Anglo-Saxonica

by L.J. Swain, Western Michigan University

Archaeology Updates

Organizational Announcements


In Memoriam

Next Issue Highlights:

Instructions for Navigating this Issue

There are a variety of ways that you can read The Heroic Age. If you like to page through as you would a magazine, start with the link below, which takes you to the first item in the Table of Contents. Articles are split into a file of text and a file of notes and references. Click on note numbers to be taken to the appropriate note or the citation to be taken to the correct entry in the References Cited list. The "Notes" link at the bottom of an article will take you to all the notes for that article, just as the "References" link will take you to the References Cited list. "Next" links will take you to the next item on the Table of Contents. The "Table of Contents" link brings you back to this page, and the "Return to Homepage" link takes you to the main index page for The Heroic Age. If at any time you wish to return to the page you have just left (perhaps after viewing a note), simply click on your "Back" button on your browser. If you have any questions about how to navigate the issue, please contact Legend@malcor.com.

The Heroic Age, Issue 2

Legal Notices

All files in this issue are offered to Internet users free of charge under the following conditions: Internet users may maintain one electronic copy and one print copy of the file for use by members of the user's household. Permission to otherwise duplicate or "lend" any of these files without the author's written consent is expressly denied.

All artwork on this site is copyrighted to the credited artist, and permission must be obtained from that person before the art may be used elsewhere. All uncredited artwork is believed to be in the public domain. If this is incorrect, message us at MichelleZi@aol.com and proper credit will be given or the artwork will be removed at once, whichever is the preference of the artist and/or the artist's legal representatives. If an image is in the public domain, feel free to download it and upload it to your own site. If people link to our images, we will have to remove the art.

Webdesign for this issue by L.A. Malcor.

Michelle Ziegler, Publisher
Belleville, IL

©1999 The Heroic Age. All rights reserved.

Archive of Past Issues

Issue 2

The Heroic Age Bookstore (Revised and Expanded!)

Letters to the Editor

Links for The Heroic Age

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